THE GAME OF VOLLEYBALL
Volleyball is the second most popular sport in the world today, exceeded only by soccer.
It was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895 at a YMCA in Holyoke for middle aged men who needed something less strenuous
than basketball. The sport has changed much over the years and Mr. Morgan would probably not recognize the game today.
The sport involves two teams separated by a net who contact a volleyball a maximum of three times before it crosses
the net to the other team. If the ball hits the floor on the other side of court in bounds or the opponents cannot return
the ball, the serving team gets a point.
The first team to score 15 points wins the game. The winning team must
win by two points. Play continues until one team has a two-point advantage. The team to win two games in a match wins the
match. A third game will not be played unless it is necessary to determine the winner of a match. Rally scoring will be
used in the third game of the match.
Player Positions- The position of players in order of the serve shall be Right
Back, Right Front, Center Front, Left Front, Left Back and Center Back.
At the moment of serve-
a. all players except
the server will be in the teams playing area,
b. all players shall be in correct serving order. Each right side player
shall have at least one foot touching the floor closer to the right sideline than both feet of the center player in the corresponding
row. Each left side player shall have at least one foot touching the floor closer to the left sideline than both feet of the
center player in the corresponding row. Each front-row player shall have at least part of one foot touching the floor closer
to the center line than both feet of the corresponding back row player.
c. After the ball is contacted for the serve,
players may move from their positions.
Out of Bounds- A ball is out of bounds and becomes dead when it
a wall, objects mounted flush with a wall
b. Touches the floor completely outside the courts boundary lines. (If it hits
the line it is in bounds.
c. Touches the net antennas or cables or does not pass over the net between the antennas
Touches a nonplayer who is not interfering.
e. Touches the ceiling or overhead obstructions beyond the vertical plane
of the net.
f. Touches or enters a non-playable area.
g. Touches a backboard.
The Serve- A serve is contact
with the ball to initiate play. The server shall hit the ball with one hand, fist or arm while the ball is held, or after
it is released by the server. The ball shall be contacted five seconds after the referees signal to serve. A server shall
serve from the serving area and shall not touch the end line or the floor outside the lines marking the width of the serving
area at the instant the ball is contacted for the serve.
Contacting the Ball -
a. A contact is any touch
of the ball by a player (excluding the players loose hair)
b. A hit is contact/touch of the ball which is counted as one
the teams allowable plays before the ball is returned to the opponents side of the court.
c. A team shall not have more
than 3 hits before the ball crosses the net into the opponents playing area. When the teams first contact is simultaneous
contact by opponents, or an action to black, the next contact is considered the teams first hit.
d. Legal contact is a
touch of the ball by a players body above and including the waist, which does not allow the ball to visibly come to rest or
involve prolonged contact with a players body.
Timeouts Each team is limited to two sixty second timeouts per
Substitutions- Are requested when the ball is dead. A player is limited to three entries per game.
Actions- Pass- A play in which the ball is hit into the air so another player can get into position to contact the ball.
a. Forearm pass A controlled skill in which the ball rebounds from the forearms of the receiver to a teammate.
Overhead Pass- (setting action) two-hand finger action directing the ball.
c. Set- two or one hand finger action directing
the ball to an attacker.
d. Dig an underhand or overhead defensive saving skill in which the ball is contacted by the
forearms, fists or hands.
e. Attack- Any play adding force and/or direction to the ball with intention of returning the
ball to the opponent.
1. Spike- an attack play in which the ball is forcibly hit into the opponents court with a one-hand
2. Tip- a fingertip attack on the ball which directs the ball into the opponents court.
a fingertip attack most commonly used by a setter on the second hit to direct the ball into the opponents court.
pass- two hand finger action directing the ball over the net.
f. Block- A play approximately arms length from the net
in which a player(s) whose hands hand(s) is raised above head, contacts the ball near the top of the net in an attempt to:
1. Prevent the ball from crossing the net.
2. Return the ball immediately
3. Deflect the motion of the ball.
Steps for successful Passing
1. Be ready to move- heels up, shoulders over knees, right foot
2. Get to where the ball will be-
3. Ready to Pass- Hands & Wrists together, Straight
arms, Drop shoulder, bend knee
4. Finish to Target-
Practice, Practice, Practice using a partner or a wall.
It's an important skill