Ace- A serve not returned by the opposing team.
Attack- An attempt by the offensive team to end the rally by hitting
the ball to the floor of the defensive team.
Attacker- A player who spikes or hits the ball over the net.
Block- A skill executed above the net by one or more players to prevent a spike from entering their side of the court.
Dig- A basic skill used to receive an opponents attack. (Also called a bump)
Down Ball- An attacked ball
the blockers judge as not having enough speed or good enough court position to require a block.
Foul- Any rule infraction
that causes the referee to blow the whistle.
Forearm Pass- A basic skill where the ball is rebounded off the players
forearms to the desired target.
Free Ball- A ball returned by the opposing team that cannot be attacked and, instead,
is passed over the net.
Hit- Another term used for an attack or spike.
Kill- An attack not returned by
Overhead Pass- A basic skill where the ball is contacted above the head with both hands. It can be
used on defense, serve receive and setting.
Rally- The time from the start of the serve until the play is ended
by a point or side out.
Rally Scoring- An alternative scoring system incorporated in the deciding game of a match
where a point is scored when either team wins the rally.
Rotation- When a team earns a side out, the team moves
one position clockwise on the court before the next serve.
Serve- A basic volleyball skill used to put the ball
Set - An overhead pass directed to an attacker.
Side out- When the serving team loses the rally
and the receiving team gets the ball and the next serve attempt. (Does not result in a point unless rally scoring is being
Spike- A powerful attack that incorporates jumping and hitting the ball into the opponents court with one
Sprawl- A defensive technique used to retrieve a ball in front of the defender.
Tip- An offspeed
shot used by the attacker directed at the holes in the defense. Also called a dump or dink.